Holland Theory Mind Map – Find out Your Career PersonalityNancy
What is the Holland Theory Mind Map?
The Holland personality-job fit theory was pointed out by John Holland, a professor of psychology at Johns Hopkins University. He is also a well-known career guidance expert in the United States. Holland believed that people’s personality type and interest are closely related to their profession. Any professions with professional interest can improve people’s enthusiasm and promote people to engage in the profession actively. Feel free to check out the visually appealing Holland theory mind map below:
History and Development of the Holland Theory
Actually, the research of interest test can be traced back to the beginning of the 20th century. In 1912, Sandwich explored the relationship between interest and ability. In 1927, Strong compiled the Professional Interest Questionnaire, which was the earliest Professional Interest Test. Moreover, it is not difficult to see that before Holland’s theory was published, the test of vocational interest and individual analysis were isolated, and Holland combined them organically. Later, Holland’s theory has been continuously enriched and developed by some worldwide researchers.
Why We Need the Holland Theory Mind Map?
The Holland theory mind map is a quite productive way to help us find out the right career personality mainly because:
- The division of occupations in modern society is complex and detailed;
- The requirements and norms of social activities are complex;
- The physiological, psychological, educational, social, economic status and environmental background of individuals are different;
Holland Theory Types in a Mind Map
Holland argued that personality can be divided into six types: realistic, research, artistic, social, enterprise and conventional. The details of these types are in the below Holladn theory mind map:
Social type: (S)
- Common characteristics: like to communicate with people; keep making new friends; willing to teach others; Concerned about social problems; eager to play their social role; Seek a wide range of interpersonal relationships; pay more attention to social obligations and social morality etc.
- Typical occupations: educators (teachers, educational administrators), social workers (consultants, public relations personnel).
Enterprise type: (E)
- Common characteristics: enjoy the pursuit of power or leadership; like competition; risk-taking personality; ambition. This kind of personality prefers to measuring the value of things in terms of a wide and detailed level: benefits, gains, losses, rights, status, money and so on.
- Typical occupations: project managers, salesmen, marketing managers, government officials, business leaders, judges, lawyers.
Conventional type: (C)
- Common characteristics: respect authority and rules; like to work according to plan; accustomed to receiving other people’s command and leadership; like to pay attention to the actual situation and details; usually more cautious and conservative; lack of creativity; do not prefer risk-taking and competition events; full of self-sacrifice spirit.
- Typical occupations: secretary, office staff, clerk, accountant, administrative assistant, librarian, cashier, typist, an investment analyst.
Practical type: (R)
- Common characteristics: willing to use tools for operational work; have the strong hands-on ability; focus on coordinated actions; prefer to specific tasks; not good at words or conservative tasks; usually, like to do things independently.
- Typical occupations: technical occupation (computer hardware personnel, photographers, cartographers, mechanical assemblers), skilled occupation (carpenters, cooks, mechanics, repairmen, farmers, general labor).
Research type: (I)
- Common characteristics: thinkers rather than doers; strong abstract thinking ability; eager to learn knowledge and constantly explore unknown fields; have good logical thinking skills; like creative work; not good at leading others.
- Typical occupations: scientific researchers, teachers, engineers, computer programmers, doctors, system analysts.
Artistic type: (A)
- Common characteristics: willing to create new and distinctive results; eager to express and realize their own values; Have certain artistic talent and personality; Maybe good at nostalgia, complex mentality.
- Typical occupations: art (actors, directors, art designers, sculptors, architects, photographers, advertising producers), music (singers, composers, Orchestra conductors), literature (novelists, poets, playwrights).
However, most people do not show only one career personality as listed above. Therefore, Holland stated that the more similar and compatible these six tendencies are, the less internal conflicts and hesitations a person will face in choosing a career.
So far, we have discussed the basic concept, background information and different key types of the Holland theory with easy-to-understand mind maps. Hope you can find out your best career choice for your personal development. Furthermore, you can find out more free downloadable business related resources like the Holland theory mind maps in this online mind mapping community!