Use Mind Maps in Teaching – Before Class PreparationCindy
People use mind maps in note taking for both business and education in the study, meeting minutes and lectures. Some far-sighted teachers have already introduced mind maps into teaching in different ways. Generally, a complete class includes three stages, pre-class, in-class and after-class. Take the class on “Types of Interest Rates” as an example, we introduce how to apply mind maps into giving a class about “Types of Interest Rates” pre-class, in-class and after-class in three articles respectively.
This article gives a detailed introduction of the first stage – preparing for class. All the steps are done in Edraw free mind map software.
Step 1: Build the Hierarchical Structure of Knowledge Points
- Insert main topics to the central topic. Here the main topics are the key points of the class.
2. Type a key point in the topic shape.
3. Insert a sibling topic and type the second point.
4. As you can see, there are three key points in this class.
5. Add branches and downward topics to the key points.
6. Complete and detail the points.
Step 2: Use Marks to Mark Key Points and Difficult Points
1. Edraw MindMaster offers abundant built-in marks. Here I choose to mark key points and to mark difficult points.
2. You can choose the color of certain marks as you like. Here I choose blue for the “star”.
3. When a mind map includes many branches, you may find it difficult to locate the key points and difficult points. In this case, you can use font options to emphasize and the key points and difficult points such as using bullets.
Here I enlarged the font size and used bold lettering.
4. Symbols and images make the knowledge points more visual, which helps to understand and memorizing. For example, here I insert pictures of national flags from libraries of clip arts to mark LIBOR types classified according to countries. With images enriching the mind map, it becomes more vivid and easy to memorize, right?
5. MindMaster has massive clip arts for your reference. If you can’t find preferred images from the clip arts, you can insert pictures from local files. After inserting the pictures, adjust them to a suitable unified size.
6. Once finished steps above are finished, I recommend you to add numbering to the key points to remind you of the correct order and structure. If the branches in your mind map are distributed in a radiant structure, then it’s more necessary to use numbering to get the topics organized. The numbers are generated in clockwise order.
Step 3: Add Detailed Information
Finishing steps above, we have structured the points of the class about the central topic “Types of Interest Rate”. To apply this mind map into real teaching, teachers need detailed information and materials to supplement and illustrate the general points so that students can understand them. Here you can insert tags, hyperlinks, notes, and attachments to enrich the content of your mind map.
1. Insert note to give an instruction of the assignment.
2. You can see that notes support only texts. If plenty of materials are needed, hyperlinks and attachments will work out. The current document, Internet address, local file or application, and folder can be inserted as hyperlinks to provide more information in different forms.
For example, I add a link to the topic “Search for an interest rate of U.S. government debt” to offer detailed information.
Once you have finished all the steps above and make full use of the functions of MindMaster, the preparation of a class may come to an end. The next two parts are using mind maps in in-class presentation and after-class reflection for teachers. You can’t miss it!