Six Thinking Hats: Key Points You Need to Know in Easy Mind MapsNancy
What are Six Thinking Hats?
The Six Thinking Hats is a theory pointed out by Edward de Bono, who is a psychologist and a philosopher from Malta. The theory offers an ever more effective and cohesive solution for both group discussions and individual thinking process. The model is considered as the underlying theory of Critical Thinking.
Why We Need Them?
Edward found that human brain may think in distinct challenging ways. Therefore, he uses six different colors to represent the six most different challenging directions in which our brain operates daily. The Six Thinking Hats theory encourages you to jump out of your habitual thinking way in order to get a more rounded view of your issue. For example, optimistic decision makers may not consider possible drawbacks. If you fail to think about more aspects of your problem, it could lead you to underestimate the potential risks etc.
What are the Meanings of the Colors of Six Thinking Hats?
Each of the hats has different meanings:
- White Hat: This part helps you in focusing on the available data and facts to better analyze past trends and learn lessons from them. Also, the White hat can fill your knowledge gaps.
- Red Hat: The Red hat lets you think problems by using your intuition and emotion without any justification. It also helps you to understand the feedback from others.
- Black Hat: This point helps you to check any possible negative outcomes, difficulties, dangers or risks for your plans, so you can effectively eliminate them or counter them.
- Yellow Hat: Unlike the Black hat, the Yellow hat helps you to find all of the positive aspects and values of your decision.
- Green Hat: This hat mainly means creativity, or in other words, thinking out of the box. Therefore, by wearing the Green hat, you are free to explore new concepts and perceptions without many criticisms.
- Blue Hat: The Blue hat is the control mechanism that makes sure the Six Thinking Hats system runs smoothly. It helps you to check out the big picture of your problem.
Practical Examples of Six Thinking Hats
Generally, the Six Thinking Hats theory is usually used in any kinds of business meetings, seminars, group discussions etc. Besides, for the non-commercial aspect, the British innovation sector and the British civil service departments make decisions according to the theory since several years ago.
Now let’s take an even more specific example. Suppose that you are the marketing manager of your company, and you are thinking about buying a new shop for your offline sales. How could you use the Six Thinking Hats to help you?
- White Hat: You can analyze the available data reports, marketing reports, competitors reports etc. You may also do user survey to explore any key supplies
- Red Hat: Ask your workmates about any personal preferences regarding the products or services you wanna provide to fans.
- Black Hat: Consider any new brands from other firms those may enter the market. Also, think about if your suppliers are out of stock, what would you do.
- Yellow Hat: Your business partners may willing to offer you many funds for new programs.
- Green Hat: Try to use more advanced technology for your products or services. Alternatively, you can do a brainstorming for your new ideas.
- Blue Hat: Ensure that the overall discussion process is moving in a suitable way, encouraging other managers and partners to switch their thinking between the different views.
Overall, the Six Thinking Hats model provides a quite effective technique for checking out issues from different points of view that both emotionally and logically. The theory shows what might normally be a purely rational decision-making process, and it opens up the opportunity for any more topics. So far, the model has been proved successfully both in business firms and public sectors.